Each household has its own time tested method of making chai. While there are many variations, chai in its most basic form is black tea that is brewed with a combination of spices (masala) with some milk and sugar.
Chai - Masala Chai - Spiced Milk Tea Recipe:
Ingredients: 2 cups water 1 tablespoon Assam Gold or Classic black tea 1 cinnamon stick 6 whole green cardamom pods, crushed or about 1/4 teaspoon seeds 4 whole cloves Dash nutmeg 1 (1-inch) piece fresh ginger root, peeled and sliced 2 tablespoons sugar 2 cups low fat or whole milk** Preparation: In a large saucepan, add the water, , loose tea, cinnamon stick, cardamom pods, cloves, nutmeg, ginger, and sugar. Bring just to a boil; then cover and reduce the heat to low. Let simmer for approximately 5 minutes depending on how strong a spice flavor you want. Add milk and slowly bring just to simmer (do not boil the milk), then remove from heat. Strain mixture through strainer; press on the spices and tea with a spoon to extract all the fragrant liquids. Makes 3-4 cups.